Primates

PRIMATE:

a ‘rank’ (order) of animals that includes humans, lemurs, lorisids, galagos, tarsiers, monkeys and apes (including great apes). These can be divided into so-called ‘higher’ and ‘lower’ primates. Higher primates include the Old World monkeys and apes, including humans, and the New World primates.

ANTHROPOID:

another word for the higher primates described above, ie monkeys, apes and humans.

HOMINOID:

primates can further be divided into ‘superfamilies’. The hominoid superfamily includes the lesser apes such as gibbons, and the great apes (hominids). All primates in the hominoid superfamily lack tails and have larger brains and bodies than the monkeys. 

HOMINID:

hominids (also known as great apes) form a taxonomic family, which includes chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, orangutans and humans.