Abbreviations

AGEs - Advanced glycation end products

BaP - Benzo[a]pyrene  

BMI - Body Mass Index

BSE - Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

COMA - Committee on Medical Aspects of Food and Nutrition Policy

CVD - Cardiovascular disease

Defra - Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs

DiMeIQx - 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoxaline

EVM - The Expert Group on Vitamins and Minerals

FAOSTAT - The Food and Agriculture Organisation Corporate Statistical Database

FSA - Food Standards Agency

G3CREC - Third-generation cephalosporin-resistant E. coli

GDP - Gross domestic product

HCA - Heterocyclic amine

HRT - Hormone replacement therapy           

IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer

IGF-1 - Insulin-like growth factor 1

LA-MRSA CC398 - Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

LRNI - Lower reference nutrient intake

MeIQx - 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoxaline

MRSA - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

NDNS - National Diet and Nutrition Survey

NOC - N-nitroso compounds

NOF - National Obesity Forum

PAH - Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PCRM - Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine

PhIP - 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine

PSA - Prostate-specific antigen

RCC - Renal cell carcinoma

RCTs - Randomised control studies

RNI - Reference nutrient intake

SACN - Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition

TMAO - Trimethylamine-N-oxide

USDA - United States Department of Agriculture

WCRF - World Cancer Research Fund

WHO - World Health Organisation