In order to study the effects of various types of food and drink on the human body, the authors of a recent study published in Diabetes Care gave a drink of either glucose (sugar), cream (saturated fat), fresh orange juice or only water to volunteers. When their blood was analysed, it turned out that while orange juice and water had no effects, the sugary drink and cream raised blood levels of inflammatory substances. However, only cream also induced further changes in blood resembling the condition of atherosclerosis and also diabetes (insulin resistance).
Deopurkar et al., 2010. Differential Effects of Cream, Glucose, and Orange Juice on Inflammation, Endotoxin, and the Expression of Toll-Like Receptor-4 and Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling-3. Diabetes Care. 33 (5) 991-7.