As a part of a large population study stretching over decades, scientists analysed nutrition and health data from almost 45,000 women. They provided data from their adolescence and early adulthood and have been followed for the past 25 years to see if there was any link between fibre intake in youth and the risk of breast cancer later in life.
Poor diets kill more people than tobacco
In 2017, 11 million deaths around the world were related to poor diet, even more than smoking, according to this major study.
Heart attacks and strokes were the main diet-related causes of death, followed by cancers and type 2 diabetes. The authors blame diets high in salt and low in fruit, wholegrains, nuts and seeds. They suggest that eating and drinking more sensibly could prevent one in five deaths globally.
How going meat-free can help lower your risk
The huge EPIC-Oxford study looked at the links between diet and the risk of hospitalisation or death with diabetes in over 45,000 British adults. They were followed for an average of 17 years during which time over 1,000 developed the disease. Results showed that low and non-meat consumers had a much lower risk of developing diabetes. Results from previous studies have found the risk to be 40-50 per cent lower in those consuming a meat-free diet.
How vegetarian and vegan diets affect your gut microbiota
Gut microbiota, previously called gut flora, is the name given to the trillions of microorganisms living in your gut. They can have a profound effect on your overall health – for better or worse.
The difference in gut microbiota between vegans, vegetarians and meat-eaters is well documented, with plant-based diets promoting a significantly more healthy population of gut bacteria.
New study shows lifestyle is more important than genes when it comes to cancer
An ambitious Spanish study set out to map the main risk factors for colorectal cancer which included both genetic and lifestyle factors. After examining the health, family history, gene variants, diet, lifestyle, drug use, age and some other considerations of over 4,000 participants, the authors came to the conclusion that lifestyle factors are more important than genetics in the development of colorectal cancer.
New study shows how a healthy vegan diet can cut your risk of type 2 diabetes in half
This was the first study to distinguish not just between animal and plant-based diets but also between healthy and unhealthy plant-based diets. Healthy foods included wholegrains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, pulses, vegetable oils, tea and coffee; whilst unhealthy foods included animal products, fruit juices, sweetened beverages, refined grains (white bread, cornflakes etc.), potatoes, sweets and desserts.