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A-Z of Diseases

A (5) | B (3) | C (7) | D (2) | E (3) | F (2) | G (2) | H (2) | I (1) | K (3) | L (3) | M (4) | O (3) | P (3) | S (3) | Z (1)

Kidney cancer is a common cancer affecting over 10,000 people in the UK every year.

The kidneys work like a sophisticated rubbish filter. They filter the blood, removing waste products broken down from our food and drink along with excess liquid, turning it into urine which is passed out of the body.   

Kidney stones can form when there is too much calcium, oxalate or uric acid in the urine, a lack of citrate in the urine or not enough water to dissolve waste products.