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A-Z of Diseases

A (5) | B (3) | C (7) | D (2) | E (3) | F (2) | G (2) | H (2) | I (1) | K (3) | L (3) | M (4) | O (3) | P (3) | S (3) | Z (1)

The risk of cervical cancer is linked to infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV).

Cholesterol is a type of fat made by the liver and present in every cell in an animal’s body, including humans. Cholesterol is only found in foods of animal origin – meat, dairy, eggs, fish, shrimps, prawns and shellfish - and is particularly concentrated in organ meats and eggs.

Chronic lung disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the collective name for a group of lung diseases including bronchitis, emphysema and chronic obstructive airways disease.

Colic is the term used to describe excessive, frequent crying in a baby who appears to be otherwise healthy and well fed. It is a poorly understood yet common condition that affects around one in five babies.

Constipation can be caused by dehydration (not drinking enough fluid), lack of fibre (fruit, vegetables and wholegrains), lack of exercise, medication, too much calcium or iron in the diet, pregnancy or too much tea or coffee (increases urine production and so decreases fluid in the bowel).

Cow’s milk allergy is one of the most common childhood food allergies affecting between 2-7 babies out of every 100.

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive system. Symptoms can include diarrhoea, abdominal pain (tummy ache), extreme tiredness and weight loss. Crohn’s disease affects about one in every 1,000 people in the UK.