Asthma is a chronic, inflammatory disease that can cause wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and shortness of breath. It can be very distressing and when symptoms get significantly worse, it is known as an asthma attack.
Several studies link diet to bladder cancer. Since breakdown products of food leave the body through the urinary tract, it stands to reason that diet plays a role. People who eat animal protein (meat and dairy) have a higher risk of bladder cancer than those who don’t eat it.
One in eight women in the UK will develop breast cancer at some point in their lives. Women with breast cancer are more likely to survive the disease now thanks to screening programmes, early diagnosis and improved treatment.
Cholesterol is a type of fat made by the liver and present in every cell in an animal’s body, including humans. Cholesterol is only found in foods of animal origin – meat, dairy, eggs, fish, shrimps, prawns and shellfish - and is particularly concentrated in organ meats and eggs.
Colic is the term used to describe excessive, frequent crying in a baby who appears to be otherwise healthy and well fed. It is a poorly understood yet common condition that affects around one in five babies.
Constipation can be caused by dehydration (not drinking enough fluid), lack of fibre (fruit, vegetables and wholegrains), lack of exercise, medication, too much calcium or iron in the diet, pregnancy or too much tea or coffee (increases urine production and so decreases fluid in the bowel).
Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive system. Symptoms can include diarrhoea, abdominal pain (tummy ache), extreme tiredness and weight loss. Crohn’s disease affects about one in every 1,000 people in the UK.
How you live and what you eat can affect your risk of dementia. People who are overweight or obese in middle age and/or have higher cholesterol levels have a much higher risk of suffering from dementia later in life.
Diabetes is a condition caused by the pancreas either not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or failing to produce any of it at all. Diabetes can also be caused when the body fails to react properly to insulin.
The most common type of ear infection (otitis media) affects the middle ear, the space between the eardrum and the inner ear. Ear infections are common in childhood and can be extremely painful causing a considerable amount of distress.
Eczema is a long-term condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. It varies in severity – some people are only mildly affected but severe symptoms can include cracked, sore, bleeding and inflamed skin.
The idea that men need to eat red meat to perform sexually couldn’t be more wrong. Foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol (meat, eggs and dairy products) that clog up the arteries leading to and from the heart can also block the blood flow to other vital organs!
Gallstones are solid pieces of stone-like material that form in the gall bladder, a small organ on the right hand side of the body, below the liver. It stores a green liquid called bile, which is produced by the liver to help digest fats.
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by high levels of uric acid in the body. At low levels, uric acid is useful, but when it builds up it can crystallise in the joints and cause severe pain and inflammation.
Hay fever (seasonal allergic rhinitis) is an allergic reaction to pollen (the fine powdery microscopic grains released from plants). People who suffer from hay fever react to pollen with a range of symptoms including a runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes and throat.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects around one in five people in the UK. Symptoms include: pain, bloating, wind, diarrhoea and/or constipation and can have a serious impact on the quality of life. Symptoms can also cause stress, anxiety and reduced energy levels.
The kidneys work like a sophisticated rubbish filter. They filter the blood, removing waste products broken down from our food and drink along with excess liquid, turning it into urine which is passed out of the body.
In 1836, after returning from the Beagle, Charles Darwin wrote “I have had a bad spell.Vomiting every day for eleven days, and some days after every meal.” Darwin suffered for over 40 years from long bouts of vomiting, stomach cramps, headaches, severe tiredness, skin problems a
A migraine is much more than a bad headache; unless you suffer from them it is difficult to appreciate just how debilitating they can be. Often people with a migraine can do nothing but lie still in a dark room waiting for the pain to pass.
Over a billion people are believed to be officially obese. The British Medical Association says that by 2050, half of the population in England could be obese. From a health perspective, this spells trouble given all the problems that being overweight can lead to.
Constipation is when you go to the loo less often or you have to strain when you do go – caused by stools being hard and small. Common symptoms include stomach ache, cramps, feeling bloated, nausea, feeling over-full, headache, loss of appetite, fatigue and depression. It can be caused by:
The World Health Organisation says that red and processed meat increase the risk of bowel cancer. They also report links between red meat, pancreatic cancer and prostate cancer and processed meat and stomach cancer.
The routine use of antibiotics in modern factory farms has led to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, also known as ‘superbugs’. Strains of the infamous methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were established in UK pig farms and cephalosporin-resistant E.
Modern intensive farming methods designed to keep the cost of meat as low as possible have led to the emergence of new zoonotic diseases – animal diseases that can be transmitted to humans such as BSE, bird flu and Escherichia coli (E.